Features of the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are manifestations of degenerative changes in cartilage and intervertebral discs. The development of pathology contributes to subsidence, deformation of the vertebrae. As a result, the patient feels pain, dizziness, nausea.

neck pain with osteochondrosis

first signs

The cervical region contains the main blood vessels that supply the brain. The micro-impulses emanating from the main organ and the central nervous system pass through the nerve fibers. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of the disease, individual characteristics. With cervical osteochondrosis, the discs that perform the function of depreciation are adversely affected by:

  1. The structure is changing.
  2. Outgrowths are formed in the form of tufts due to the growth of bone tissue in osteochondrosis. As a result, the blood supply worsens, nerve fibers fail.

The first symptoms of the disease are not expressed.

With the development of osteochondrosis that appeared in the neck, severe pain is observed - the main symptom. During movements, discomfort intensifies, muscle tension occurs.

There are different categories of people at risk. The process is determined by factors that provoke the development of cervical osteochondrosis:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • overweight;
  • comorbidities - scoliosis, rheumatism;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • spinal injury.

Symptoms of the Next Stages of Osteochondrosis of the Neck

Changes in cartilaginous tissue manifest as signs, the severity of which depends on the severity of the dystrophic disorders. The processes can lead to the failure of any internal system in the body:

  1. Compression of nerve endings is characterized by symptoms in the form of neuralgia from osteochondrosis. If the spinal cord is pinched, neurological diseases can occur. The bony growths that form on the nerve roots partially or completely immobilize the vertebrae, which leads to their fusion. There is a loss of sensitivity.
  2. Compression of the main and peripheral blood vessels is the cause of lack of complete blood circulation. Lack of oxygen occurs, the work of the heart worsens. Cervical type symptoms of osteochondrosis: frequent migraines, jumps in blood pressure, impaired coordination, vegetovascular dystonia, impaired function of the respiratory system. Hearing and vision problems may occur.
cervical osteochondrosis pain


External symptoms are characterized by a wide range of damage to the body. Patients do not complain about the deterioration of general well-being in first-stage pathology. To prevent the onset of the disease, it is recommended to lead an active lifestyle, swim and perform wellness exercises.

The sensation in cervical osteochondrosis of the second stage is characterized by pain, which leads to stiffness of movements.

The feeling of discomfort can be located in different areas of the spine. Decreased patient performance. Compression of the arteries causes general weakness, migraine. Tilts, head turns increase discomfort in osteochondrosis.

The third stage of the disease is determined by more pronounced symptoms: on palpation of the pathological area, there is a sharp pain, immobility, movements are characterized by a crisis, dizziness, nausea. The condition is manifested by loss of consciousness, the patient feels a lump in the throat. Violation of blood circulation leads to jumps in blood pressure and hypertension. There is numbness of the upper limbs.

The fourth stage is determined by the deterioration of the condition. With the advanced form of cervical osteochondrosis, patient disability may occur. The main symptom is immobilization of the cervical vertebrae. The compression of arteries and nerve fibers reaches its maximum, which is manifested in the form of tinnitus, visual and hearing impairment. There is a violation of speech - numbness of the tongue, loss of coordination.

Treatment of osteochondrosis, located in the neck, is carried out using a conservative method of drug therapy.

The doctor prescribes physiotherapy, gymnastics to improve health. To eliminate the pain syndrome during an exacerbation of the pathology, it is recommended to take a course of general strengthening massage.


Internal symptoms characterize the changes that occur in the structure of cartilaginous tissue in osteochondrosis:

  1. I stage of manifestation of chondrosis. The physiological structure of the crest is disturbed. The location of the discs between the vertebrae narrows due to lack of fluid. Muscle hypertonicity occurs.
  2. Stage II osteochondrosis of the neck is determined by the thinning of the intervertebral discs, their height decreases, which increases the load on the musculoskeletal system. The result is pain.
  3. III stage. Cartilage is deformed, bone tissue grows, intervertebral hernias form, and protrusion occurs. Disc crash cases are fixed. The symptoms of the condition are characterized by severity. Osteoarthritis begins to progress.
  4. Step IV. Complete destruction of the discs located between the vertebrae with subsequent replacement of the voids by bone or connective tissue. The process leads to the formation of outgrowths.

To prevent the development of the disease, it is recommended to regularly carry out exercises at home, which are aimed at strengthening the muscular corset in osteochondrosis. To relieve pain, special drugs, ointments, injections are prescribed. Apply folk remedies in the form of compresses, bandages.

see a doctor for cervical osteochondrosis

Can symptoms differ between men and women?

The neck is the most mobile part of the musculoskeletal system, it has 7 vertebrae. The department starts with the chest and is connected to the skull. The signs of cervical osteochondrosis in women do not differ from the manifestations of pathology in men. According to statistics, women are more prone to the occurrence of the disease, which is due to the anatomical structure, a possible pregnancy.

The course of the disease depends on concomitant conditions, hormone levels, symptoms, and other factors.

differences Men Women
Cross section of column Bigger size. Smaller.
Performance of systems functions The body is under constant stress. Fractures occur less frequently because of the more developed muscles. It adapts better to loads. Osteochondrosis, curvature in the form of scoliosis, osteoporosis are often diagnosed.
Clinical condition The state is characterized by stability. Lower pain threshold. Patients cannot clearly describe all signs. Symptoms are pronounced. Patients clearly formulate complaints.
age changes The body is not subject to the restructuring of internal systems until 45-50 years. Changes are observed as a result of pregnancy, hormonal changes after 45 years. Pain, numbness in the hands may occur.

The birth of the fetus may be accompanied by the appearance of symptoms:

  • progression of cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis;
  • compressed nerve endings;
  • the occurrence of problems with the cardiovascular system;
  • rigidity of movements.

Features of pathology diagnosis

A comprehensive diagnosis of osteochondrosis that has arisen in the neck, taking into account the degree of the disease, the symptoms, is the key to a favorable course of the condition. To establish an accurate diagnosis, different methods are used:

  1. Inspection. After contacting a doctor, a visual assessment is carried out with one parameter - gait, posture. A complete history of the patient's symptoms is collected.
  2. Radiography is considered an accessible method of examination. It is characterized by the possible occurrence of consequences that affect the general well-being of the patient. An x-ray is taken from the cervical region from the base of the skull to the upper part of the chest. The study shows the state of the intervertebral discs.
  3. Tomography. There are two types: computer and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In the first case, with the help of a special device, a specialist takes photo-sections under the influence of x-rays. The resulting image is displayed on the computer screen, a 3D model is run. The second type of examination is based on electromagnetic wave work. Layered photos are taken of a particular part of the body.

If the symptoms of osteochondrosis occurring in the neck are characterized by an intensive development, you should consult a doctor. To prevent the disease, it is recommended to lead an active lifestyle, perform constant exercise and swim. With an advanced form of pathology, a course of treatment is prescribed, including drugs that stop pain and normalize the work of the internal systems of the body.